Würzburg is the capital of the Lower Franconia district and lies on the River Main in an area known as the Main Triangle. The city is ranked among Germany's oldest university cities, and its university is steeped in tradition. The Würzburg Residence palace was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1981.
Würzburg is surrounded by a wine-growing region, and the area beyond the city's borders is known for cultural events like the Mozart Festival and Africa Festival. Würzburg is also the region's service center. Its industry and commerce tend to be represented by small or medium-sized businesses.